Themes of Exodus


Bondage to Worship is the overall movement of the Book.
Whom will Israel serve?
Apostasy of the Golden Calf
Centrality of the Law and the Tabernacle in Israel’s life


For experiencing a personal relationship with a people who will worship Yahweh
For forming a holy nation of under Covenant to be the source of truth and salvation to the world
For bringing a people to the Promised Land


God taking up His efforts of returning creation to a point where His mission can once again be taken up
God’s work in creation of life giving, life preserving, and life blessing
God’s sovereignty in all the earth
God’s creation of “new life” within the world —a return to what God intended

Knowledge of God

Yahweh as the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, who keep His promises
Answer to Pharaoh’s question, “Who is Yahweh that I should obey Him?”
Progressive Self-revelation of Yahweh’s and His inherent nature of love and holiness
Yahweh is not only one who is; Yahweh is one who in some sense becomes
Yahweh’s presence with His people from groan to glory
Yahweh at the center of national, family and individual life
Yahweh at the center of history

Sovereignty of God

Yahweh as Sovereign, Judge, Warrior, Ruler of Heaven and Earth
Yahweh’s activity directed against Egypt’s gods and Satan’s world system
Yahweh suffering as He limits His sovereignty to man’s free will

Free Will of Man

Pharaoh, Egypt and Israel given the choice of whom they should worship and obey
God taking the risk of giving up total control by using lowly people to carry out His purpose

Birth of Israel

Who they are as God’s people, both negatively and positively
Basic historical facts about the origins of the nation and its religious ceremonies
Establishment of God’s chosen people as a kingdom of priests and a holy nation

Order of Theological Events

The redemptive work of God’s grace on behalf of the people
The Law as a gift to an already redeemed people
The Law is central to Israel’s faithfulness to Yahweh alone
The obedience of Israel is ultimately for the sake of being a kingdom of priests and holy nation


To stimulate faith in times of apostasy
To stimulate hope in times of distress, such as the Exile and Tribulation Period
To stimulate love by remembering Yahweh’s acts of redemption and deliverance


Warnings to keep us from setting our hearts on evil things as they did
Foundation of Biblical Ethics and Morality
Framework of Christian Faith and Community —> the Church
Prophecy in action (types) —God’s dealings with Satan, the world, and the redeemed


Egypt The world system opposing God’s people
Pharaoh Satan, “the god of this world”
Israel The church delivered from bondage
Moses Christ as Prophet, Priest, King, Servant, Shepherd, Mediator, Deliverer
Ten Plagues God’s power over demonic “gods”
Passover Redemption by Christ’s blood on the Cross
Cloud & Pillar Protection and guidance of the Holy Spirit
Red Sea Resurrection —leaving the world behind
Manna Christ the Bread of Life from Heaven
Smitten Rock Through Christ’s death the Holy Spirit is given
Amalek The flesh opposing the believer
Tabernacle The Way to God through Christ
High Priest Christ our Great High Priest

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